Data from the National Center for Education Statistics (NCES) provides data on the percent of ninth-grade students who took remedial courses upon direct matriculation to college upon on-time high school graduation, as well as the average number of courses taken. As illustrated below, 41 percent of all matriculating students took at least on remedial course in college. When we analyze by high school GPA, we notice a direct correlation to the percentage of students and number of courses taken. For instance, 63 percent of students with less than a 2.5 GPA took at least one remedial course, and averaged 3.0 remedial courses. For students with a 3.5 GPA or higher, the percentage dropped to 18 percent and an average of 1.5 remedial courses. This shows the direct correlation of GPA and remedial course participation in college.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, High School Longitudinal Study of 2009 (HSLS:09), Base Year, First Follow-Up, High School Transcript Study, and Postsecondary Education Transcript Study and Student Financial Aid Records Data Collection.